I. Buildings Integral to the Former Life and/or Persecution of Jews in Hamburg - Neustadt/St. Pauli.
© Wilhelm Mosel, Deutsch-jüdische Gesellschaft Hamburg.
8. Neanderstraße (Former Elbstraße).
The former Elbstraße was once, and into the 20th century, the centre of the so-called "Judenbörse" ("Jewish Stock Market") i.e. centre of Jewish street trading.
A prejudiced and offensive description of 1861 states:
The area is given the epithet "Judenbörse". The Cohns, Bambergers, Hirsches, Wölfes, and whatever they call themselves, with their frizzy, black hair, occupy most of the streets adjacent to Millerntor, i.e. Hütten, Steinwege, Elbstraße, Peterstraße, Schlachterstraße etc.. Garment traders form a row in Steinwege and buy and sell skirts of all kinds. In the houses .. are pastry shops and baker's shops with koscher signs in Hebrew, often pawnbroker's signs; and boots, lottery tickets, cheap frills and furbelows, etc.. Furniture traders line the side alleys. Other neighbouring streets offer other articles of junk. Some traders with pitches in the centre of the "Judenbörse" have hauled everything out onto the street that has real or imaginary value. Second-hand clothes deck the houses, or second-hand boots, rubber shoes, ... washbasins, cups, ... ovens, rusty nails, bird-cages, crinoline, hair-curlers, and thousands of other items hardly recognizable due to age are amassed on tables, barrows, and on the bare cobble stones.
This situation came about due to the conditions under which Jews were allowed to conduct business. Despite all action taken to restrict Jewish small traders, the majority of Jews make their living in such a way. The textile trade was one of the most important areas of business during the 17th and 18th centuries and many new articles were brought onto the market independent of the perogative of the guilds. Jews were always occupied in the second-hand clothing trade. Because the Guild of Small Shopkeepers denighed Jews the right to keep shops and to display shop signs Jews were reliant on calling their wares or touting for customers. This was generally seen as deplorable action. It also damaged the reputation of Jews as there were repeated complaints regarding the Jewish streets and hawkers."
In 1913 there were still 85 official barrow traders.
Later the L. Wagner department store was situated at Nos. 78-84 in the former Elbstraße.
It sold, among other items, haberdashery, knitwear, toys and stationary.
German text: Dipl.-Pol. Wilhelm Mosel, Deutsch-Jüdische Gesellschaft, Hamburg.