I. Buildings Integral to the Former Life and/or Persecution of Jews in Hamburg - Neustadt/St. Pauli.
© Wilhelm Mosel, Deutsch-jüdische Gesellschaft Hamburg.
24. In the "Planten un Blomen" Park, on St. Petersburg Straße (former Jungiusstraße), opposite Hall 12 of the Exhibition Centre.
The tomb for the 1,138 citizens of Hamburg who died from an epidemic after being expelled from the city by the French during the siege of 1813/1814 is situated in the "Planten un Blomen" Park only a few metres from the fence with St. Petersburg Straße, opposite Hall 12 of the Exhibition Centre. It is best reached through the second entrance from the junction with Marseiller Straße, and is roughly twenty metres left of the entrance.
The side of the tomb facing the park carries the following inscription:
The side of the tomb facing St. Petersburg Straße carries the following inscription:
The base of the tomb carries the following inscription:
The tomb, designed by the architect K.L. Wimmel for the Patriotische Gesellschaft, was originally situated in Ottensen. It stood above the mass grave on the corner of what is today Große Brunnenstraße and Erdmannstraße. On 20.12.1813 the then Colonel of Gensdarmerie and Grand-Provôt Charlot informed Prinzen von Eckmühl, member of the then Israelite community administration, that he was to inform his community members that those who did not have provisions to last until the 1st of July 1814, were to depart the city before 14.00 hrs that day, i.e. 20th December 1813. Individuals who ignored this order would be expelled by force, and their property confiscated.
On 23.12.1813 representatives of the Israelite community met with Charlot once again, this time accompanied by Rabbi Jacob Meyer Jaffé and Rabbi Zadik Fersen. They were asked to convince those community members not having the stipulated provisions to leave the city by 14.00 hrs the following day, i.e. 24.12.1813. He indicated to the rabbis that they should consider this of "religious importance", with the threat that if his orders were not carried out he would immediately expel the members of the community administration, and the rabbis, with their families. He also announced that any community member, not provisioned, remaining in the city after this deadline would receive, in addition to the confiscation of their property, 50 cudgels.
Of the around 3,000 citizens of Hamburg listed as having perished from the epidemic, at least 72 have jewish or old testament first names.
German text: Dipl.-Pol. Wilhelm Mosel, Deutsch-Jüdische Gesellschaft, Hamburg.